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Did You Know These Inauguration Day Facts?

Here is a look at some facts about the inaugural event and the all-important oath of office.

- George Washington's was the shortest inaugural address at 135 words. (1793)

- Thomas Jefferson was the only president to walk to and from his inaugural. He was also the first to be inaugurated at the Capitol. (1801)

- The first inaugural ball was held for James Madison. (1809)

- John Quincy Adams was the first president sworn in wearing long trousers. (1825)

- Franklin Pierce was the first president to affirm rather than swear the oath of office (1853). Herbert Hoover followed suit in 1929.

- William H. Harrison's was the longest inaugural address at 8,445 words. (1841)

- The first inauguration to be photographed was James Buchanan's. (1857)

- Abraham Lincoln was the first to include African-Americans in his parade. (1865)

- James Garfield's mother was the first to attend her son's inauguration. (1881)

- William McKinley's inauguration was the first ceremony to be recorded by a motion picture camera. (1897)

- William Taft's wife was the first one to accompany her husband in the procession from the Capitol to the White House. (1909)

- Women were included for the first time in Woodrow Wilson's second inaugural parade. (1917)

- Warren G. Harding was the first president to ride to and from his inaugural in an automobile. (1921)

- Harry Truman's was the first to be televised. (1949)

- Lyndon Johnson was the first (and so far) only president to be sworn in by a woman, U.S. District Judge Sarah T. Hughes. (1963)

- Jimmy Carter's inaugural parade featured solar heat for the reviewing stand and handicap-accessible viewing. (1977)

- Ronald Reagan's second inaugural had to compete with Super Bowl Sunday. (1985)

- The first ceremony broadcast on the Internet was Bill Clinton's second inauguration. (1997)

Calvin Coolidge's oath in 1925 was administered by Chief Justice (and ex-president) William Taft. It was also the first inaugural address broadcast on the radio. Coolidge was sworn in by his father, a notary public, when he assumed the presidency in 1923 after Warren Harding's death. It was the first time a president was sworn in by his father.

John Kennedy's inauguration had Robert Frost as the first poet to participate in the official ceremony. (1961) The only other President to feature poets was Bill Clinton.Maya Angelou read at his 1993 inaugural, and Miller Williams read at his second, in 1997. (1961)

On the second day of his presidency, Barack Obama was sworn in a second time by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. because, following Roberts's lead, Obama improperly recited the oath. He said, "I will execute the office of president to the United States faithfully." The word "faithfully" belongs between "will" and "execute." (2009)

All but six presidents took the presidential oath in Washington, DC. The exceptions were:

  • George Washington -- 1789, New York City; 1793, Philadelphia
  • John Adams -- 1797, Philadelphia
  • Chester Alan Arthur -- 1881, New York City
  • Theodore Roosevelt -- 1901, Buffalo
  • Calvin Coolidge -- 1923, Plymouth, Vt.
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson -- 1963, Dallas